Willem J. Cardinal Eijk Willem J. Cardinal Eijk
Function:
Archbishop of Utrecht
Title:
Birthdate:
Jun 22, 1953
Country:
Netherlands
Elevated:
Feb 18, 2012
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German "Wir brauchen ein Lehrschreiben
Mar 10, 2017
"Als Mann und Frau erschuf er sie, er segnete sie und nannte sie Mensch an dem Tag, da sie erschaffen wurden" (Gen 5,1-2)

A
UTRECHT , 09 March, 2017 / 9:33 AM (CNA Deutsch).-

Kardinal Willem Jacobus Eijk, Erzbischof von Utrecht, hat keine Zweifel: Es "braucht dringend" ein Dokument des r
English Dutch cardinal says papal encyclical on gender theory might be needed
Nov 08, 2016
The spread of gender theory is misleading so many Catholics that a high-level document may be required to correct the errors of the ideology, a Dutch cardinal said.

By Simon Caldwell Catholic News Service

OXFORD, England (CNS) -- Cardinal Willem Eijk of Utrecht, Netherlands, said a papal encyclical or other magisterial document "might appear to be necessary" to counter the spread of the new theory that gender can be determined by personal choice rather than by biology.

He said even Catholic parents were beginning to accept that their own children can choose their genders partly because "they don't hear anything else."

The church, he said, now had an urgent duty to remind them of the truth of its teaching about the human body.

He told Catholic News Service in a Nov. 7 interview in Oxford that Pope Benedict XVI and Pope Francis have addressed the subject within the past five years as each noted that the theory was taking root in Western societies.

"Perhaps a document only on this problem might be an urgent question," Cardinal Eijk said.

"It (gender theory) is spreading and spreading everywhere in the Western world, and we have to warn people," he said.

"From the point of moral theology, it's clear -- you are not allowed to change your sex in this way," he added.

"It is like euthanasia and assisted suicide," Cardinal Eijk continued. "When people first began to discuss them they were unsure," but many people have now become so acquainted with such practices they are now deemed ordinary.

He said many Catholics were now accepting gender theory "in a very easy way, even parents, because they don't hear anything else."

The cardinal's remarks came ahead of the Anscombe Memorial Lecture, which he was scheduled to give in Blackfriars, a Dominican monastery in Oxford, on the theme, "Is Medicine Losing its Way?"

A moral theologian and a former medical doctor who worked at the Amsterdam university hospital before he became a priest, Cardinal Eijk, 63, said he would be addressing the rise of nontherapeutic medical practices, including gender re-assignment and euthanasia and assisted suicide.

He explained that medical advances were driving a culture in which, he said, individualism thrived and gender theory was finding fertile ground.

But he warned CNS that one of the consequences of the changing mores was the emergence of intolerance toward people who did not accept the new ideas.

"We are living in a quite intolerant society," he said. "People are talking about tolerance and they say the individual is free to think what he likes but in practice ... people have to accept this certain view of man, this dualistic view of man and this view of the body as something that is moldable.

"And when you say perhaps that is not a morally good way, you are excluded," he said. "You have to think according to these modern theories or you are excluded -- it's (permeating) the university world, parliament, the mass media.

"It is very painful and they will make it for us Christians ever more difficult, I am sure," he said, adding that Catholics must press for the right to live by their consciences if they were not to face harassment or even jail in the future.

Young people, he continued, were a source of hope because he recognized that the minority of those who became active in the church "accepted the whole faith."

"It will be the force of the future," he said. "I think we will be a tiny church, a small fraction of the population at least in the Netherlands, but the Christians who remain will have a life of prayer, a personal relationship with Christ, and they will be clear about the faith and willing to testify to it.

"It will be a tiny church, but a convinced church, and it will be willing to suffer," he added.

Because gender theory is so new, the church seldom denounced it by name until the last five years.

In 2012, Pope Benedict, in an address to the Roman Curia, referred to gender theory when he spoke about the profound falsehoods underpinning an anthropological revolution.

Pope Francis implicitly criticized gender theory in "Laudato Si'," his 2015 papal encyclical on the environment, and condemned "indoctrination of gender theory" as part of a "global war on the family" during a visit to Georgia and Azerbaijan.

http://www.catholicnews.com/services/englishnews/2016/dutch-cardinal-says-papal-encyclical-on-gender-theory-might-be-needed.cfm
English “The protection of life to give way to autonomy?” Cardinal Eijk responds to the next slide down the euthanasia slope
Oct 19, 2016
It has made headlines abroad as well as in the Netherlands, and it seems that the general response is a negative, amongst people of faith and of no faith alike.

I am talking about the proposal presented by members of the cabinet to allow people who feel that their life is complete to be killed. This is a further slide down the slippery slope which began by the liberalisation of euthanasia in the Netherlands, a slope that proponents assured use would never exist. Recently, Cardinal Wim Eijk said in an address to the Canadian bishops that a door once left ajar will always open more. This proposal only proves his assertion.

Yesterday saw the response of the Dutch bishops to the proposal (better late than never, I suppose). once again written by Cardinal Eijk, who is to go-to bishop when it comes to questions of medical ethics. The response was published as an opinion piece in daily newspaper Trouw. Below follows my translation.

Kardinaal%20Eijk%202012%20kapel%20RGB%204%20klein“Last Wednesday the cabinet announced their intention to develop a new law in addition to the existing Euthanasia law to provide for assisted suicide for people who deem their life to be ‘complete’. It concerns situations in which suffering is considered hopeless and unbearable, not because of a medical reason, but because the person concerned no longer considers his life to have meaning after the loss of loved ones, loneliness, decreased mobility or the loss of personal dignity and who therefore have a persistent and active wish to die. The cabinet thinks in this matter mostly about elderly people, without, by the way, indication an age limit.

With this new law the cabinet wants to do justice to the autonomy of people. The duty to protect life is to give way for this autonomy in a number of situations in which life for the people involved no longer has any value. This reasoning, the basis of the new law, is fundamentally wrong.

Man’s autonomy is relative. His autonomy does not include having the disposal over his own life. The human body is not a secondary, but an essential dimension of the human person and shares in his essential dignity, which is never lost, even when the person involved believes that this is the case. Man as a whole, physically and mentally, is created after God’s image and likeness. God and those created in His image are always a goal in themselves and never merely the means to a goal. By ending life to end suffering the body and thus the human person is degraded to a means to remove suffering.

Man having the freedom to end his life, or have it ended, assumes that freedom is a greater value than life. Thatb is also true, but life is a fundamental condition in relation to freedom: without life there is no freedom. Ending human life is also the ending of human freedom.

The new law that the cabinet has in mind will in a certain sense increase the autonomy of people with a death wish, but this is then the external autonomy, which means in relation to factors which limit freedom from the outside (authority figures, laws and social pressure).

But is the same true for inner freedom? Real inner autonomy is the inner strength that enables man to make difficult but ethically correct choices by himself, without it being imposed on him. This is especially true for the choice to continue living. That inner strength is undoubtedly necessary when people physically experience the difficulties and limitations of old age.

Besides, the extension of the external freedom can also be debated. When elderly people have the option to relatively easily stop living and when this would become a trend, it is not unimaginable that they would feel pressured to then make use of the option. When one becomes an ‘expense’ for the health care system, one would almost feel guilty for continuing living regardless.

In short, the duty to protect life should not give way for the respect for autonomy.

+ Willem Jacobus Cardinal Eijk”

https://incaelo.wordpress.com/2016/10/18/the-protection-of-life-to-give-way-to-autonomy-cardinal-eijk-responds-to-the-next-slide-down-the-euthanasia-slope/
Italian Il cardinale di Utrecht, Willem Eijk: “Porre fine alla vita umana è porre fine alla libertà”
Oct 16, 2016
Estendere il diritto di ricorrere al "suicidio assistito" a chi non è in stato terminale ma considera "completata" la sua esperienza di vita.

E’ l’ultima tappa di un lungo percorso che ha intrapreso l’Olanda, primo Paese ad aver legalizzato nel 2001 l’eutanasia in Europa con una legge. La proposta choc è stata presentata al Parlamento olandese da due ministri del governo, i responsabili della Salute Edith Schippers e della Giustizia Ard van de Steur. Parla il cardinale Willem Eijk, arcivescovo di Utrecht e presidente della Conferenza episcopale olandese.“Era solo una questione di tempo - dice - la porta, una volta socchiusa, si apre facilmente sempre di più”

“Si poteva prevedere questo sviluppo”. Non si sorprende affatto il cardinale Willem Jacobus Eijk, arcivescovo di Utrecht e presidente della Conferenza episcopale olandese. In Olanda, i due ministri della salute e della giustizia hanno presentato al Parlamento una proposta di legge che mira a estendere il diritto di ricorrere al “suicidio assistito” anche a chi non è in stato terminale ma considera conclusa, o meglio “completata” – così testualmente si legge nel testo -, la sua esperienza di vita. “Nell’ultimo mezzo secolo – ricorda l’arcivescovo – si può constatare un pendio scivoloso riguardo alla discussione sulle possibilità di terminare la vita”. L’arcivescovo elenca questo lungo e progressivo percorso: all’inizio degli anni ‘80, l’eutanasia era accettabile solo per pazienti che avevano una malattia somatica incurabile e che sarebbero morti entro breve tempo. Poi però si cominciò ad ampliare questa possibilità ai pazienti affetti da una malattia psichiatrica. Un passo più in là e si giunse ai pazienti affetti da una demenza incipiente o su persone con demenza, che hanno lasciato per iscritto la loro dichiarazione anticipata con la richiesta di ricevere l’eutanasia. L’estensione arriva poi a poter porre fine alla vita di neonati handicappati, cioè ad intervenire su persone che non sarebbero state in grado di chiederlo. Ora si vuole arrivare alle persone che credono, “dopo una seria riflessione, di aver completato la propria vita”. “Era solo una questione di tempo”, sentenzia il cardinale. “La porta, una volta socchiusa, si apre facilmente sempre di più”.

Eminenza cosa sta succedendo?

Vi sono delle persone convinte che la loro vita sia “giunta a compimento2 perché hanno perso delle persone care, sono sole o trovano che la loro vita non ha più significato. Per questa categoria il governo vuole preparare – oltre alla legge sull’eutanasia, che non sarà modificata – una nuova legge che implica la possibilità che a una persona che ha una sofferenza senza prospettiva e insopportabile, non causata da fattori medici e ha per questo un desiderio volontario, ben ponderato e duraturo di morire, sia offerta assistenza al suicidio. Questa assistenza deve essere offerta da una “persona che presta assistenza al momento della morte” (“stervenshulpverlener”). Questa persona, che deve aver seguito una formazione specifica ed essere in possesso di un riconoscimento ufficiale come tale, non è necessariamente un medico, ma può essere anche un infermiere o uno psicologo.

In base a quale fondamento agisce il governo per giungere ad una simile  decisione?

Il governo indica come fondamento per la nuova legge l’autonomia della persona che ha un desiderio di morire. Il governo vede l’autonomia come un “valore fondamentale e un elemento importante sia nell’etica sia nel diritto”. L’autonomia implica anche la possibilità di modellare la propria vita e di fare scelte personali e anche il diritto di decidere in quale modo e in quale momento si vuole morire. In fin dei conti, abbiamo a che fare qui con una conseguenza ultima dell’etica autonoma, che è l’etica di una società iper-individualista che troviamo in Olanda.

Quali paure, secondo lei, si celano dietro a una simile proposta?

In una società estremamente individualista gli esseri umani sono soli e non hanno solo il diritto, ma hanno l’obbligo di modellare la vita con le proprie forze. Questo può essere difficile per una persona anziana che ha perso delle persone care, degli amici o delle relazioni sociali. Invece di soddisfare la richiesta di assistenza al suicidio si dovrebbe impegnarsi a superare per quanto possibile la solitudine e le altre difficoltà di persone anziane. L’assistenza al suicidio potrà scoraggiare gli impegni per migliorare la condizioni delle persone anziane.

Cosa hanno da dire le Chiese cristiane e i leader religiosi di fronte a tematiche così delicate come quelle della vita e della morte?

La Chiesa e i leader religiosi devono essere molto chiari. La vita umana non è mai solo un valore strumentale di cui si potrebbe constatare in certe condizioni che è persa, ma un valore intrinseco. Il valore universale della vita umana  rimane sempre, anche se la persona stessa è convinta che esso sia perso. Il nostro compito è di aiutare le persone malate e anziane che hanno perso la speranza di ritrovare il valore della vita mediante l’offerta di una adeguata cura palliativa e mediante iniziative per superare la loro solitudine. Altro punto: la fine della vita, pur caratterizzata spesso della sofferenza, è per molti familiari e amici anche un tempo prezioso per aprire il loro cuore. Infine, l’idea di base della legge che il governo olandese vuole preparare è che l’autonomia della persona umana, la sua libertà, abbia in certe circostanze un valore superiore alla vita. Che il valore della libertà è superiore a quella della vita è anche vero, ma la vita è un valore fondamentale in rapporto alla libertà: senza la vita non vi è libertà. Il porre fine alla vita umana è, inoltre, il porre termine alla libertà umana.

http://agensir.it/europa/2016/10/15/il-cardinale-di-utrecht-willem-eijk-porre-fine-alla-vita-umana-e-porre-fine-alla-liberta/
English Dutch cardinal warns Canadian bishops about 'slippery slope' of euthanasia
Oct 04, 2016
The Archbishop of Utrecht advised Canadian bishops to continue to decry euthanasia and assisted suicide so that Canada never emulates the Netherlands, where assisted killing can now be administered to psychiatric patients and the handicapped.

CORNWALL, Ont. – Dutch Cardinal Willem Eijk, addressing the annual plenary of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops on Sept. 26, said the slippery slope is real based on the experience of the Netherlands, the first country to allow euthanasia and assisted suicide.

“It’s not too easy to put the feet on the brakes,” he said.

“That is something experience teaches us.”

Eijk said bishops should continue to make moral arguments in the public square against assisted killing and at the same time make the case for true palliative care. This is particularly true for Canada, he said, because Canadians are moving much faster in a shorter time frame.

“We had 50 years. You’ve only had one year,” he said.

“One must always be aware of the risk of the slippery slope. When you leave the door ajar, it will always open more.”

When the debate began in Holland, euthanasia and assisted suicide were only contemplated for those with severe physical illness at end of life, he said. But over time the practices were expanded to include those with psychiatric disorders and those with dementia who had made an advanced directive. Then the “last barrier was crossed to create the medical possibility of ending the life of persons without their request, in the case of handicapped newborns,”  Eijk said.

The cardinal also urged Canadians to stand firm in the defence of conscience rights of health care workers and medical professionals. In the Netherlands, only 15 per cent of physicians refuse to participate in euthanasia and Eijk said none have encountered any direct repercussions for refusing to end a patient’s life. However, a physician looking for work who objects to assisted killing could face “difficulties.”

Bishops can make a difference if they are vocal, he said.

“I think it’s very important to watch,” he said. “Some years ago there was a proposal at the level of the Council of Europe and the idea was to prevent doctors from having moral objections against abortion — they might lose their job.

“Many of us protested against that as bishops of the European Union, by being clear, by expressing our views, by approaching politicians and making them aware of the risks,” he said. Ultimately, the “doctors obtained the possibility to apply for conscientious objection against abortion.”

Palliative care, which Eijk said was only introduced to Holland in the second half of the 1990s, has reduced the number of requests for euthanasia in Holland, he told the bishops. He noted that Canada had many excellent palliative care centres and urged the bishops to “take care not to introduce euthanasia into these centres.”

Eijk, who was trained as a doctor, said public attitudes towards assisted suicide and euthanasia have softened over the years, allowing the practices to become more common.

“Ending suffering by ending life is not eliminating suffering but eliminating the suffering person,” the cardinal stressed. “The termination of life, both as a request of the patient with or without his request, is an intrinsically evil act. It’s never allowed to perform it under any circumstances, even at the request of the patient.”

The CCCB’s Permanent Council has been developing pastoral advice to give to clergy, pastors and lay people regarding euthanasia and assisted suicide, said CCCB President Bishop Douglas Crosby in the annual president’s address. “Assisted suicide and its ramifications is a major pastoral challenge.”

The CCCB’s general secretary has circulated directives on the issue from the Archbishop J. Michael Miller of Vancouver and from the bishops of Alberta and Northwest Territories.

http://www.catholicregister.org/item/23192-dutch-cardinal-warns-canadian-bishops-about-slippery-slope-of-euthanasia
German Niederländischer Kardinal: Anpassung hat Unglaube zur Folge
Dec 25, 2015
Kirchenkritische Katholiken überzeugen und zur Wahrheit führen.

24. Dezember 2015

Utrecht (Kathnews) Barmherzigkeit ist keine Gelegenheit, sich mit kritischen Katholiken zu versöhnen. Das sagt Wim Kardinal Eijk, Erzbischof von Utrecht und Vorsitzender der Niederländischen Bischofskonferenz in der Weihnachtsausgabe der niederländischen „Volkskrant“.  Menschen, die dem Glauben kritisch gegenüberstehen und Glaubensinhalte nicht annehmen können, müsse man versuchen zu überzeugen und zur Wahrheit zu führen. „Denn die ist einzig und unveränderlich. Man kann nicht mit kritischen Katholiken zu einem Vergleich kommen, indem man Wahrheiten zur Diskussion stellt. Vielleicht kann dat Thema Barmherzigkeit echte Gläubige und kritische Katholiken zueinander führen. Nun ja: Barmherzigkeit bedeutet nicht von der Wahrheit absehen. Das ist unmöglich.“
Kinderbeichte

Außerdem will der Kardinal die Kinderbeichte wieder mehr ins Zentrum rücken. „In verschiedenen Orten unseres Erzbistums werden Feiern stattfinden mit Anbetung des Allerheiligsten. Wir hoffen, auf diese Weise, eine Anzahl von Dingen anzuregen wie z. B. die Kinderbeichte. Man ist nicht mehr daran gewöhnt, aber sie ist nie abgeschafft worden. Die Beichte ist eine wichtiges Mittel, um das persönliche Band mit Christus zu pflegen und zu stärken. Darum ist es gut, wenn Menschen schon im Kindesalter das Sakrament der Beichte kennenlernen.“
Unwissen

Der Utrechter Erzbischof hält das Unwissen der katholischen Lehre für ein größeres Problem als Antipathie. „Oft auch bei Journalisten. Sie wissen nicht, was die Kirche ist, was ihre Ziel ist, ws sie verkündet. Unwissen führt dazu, dass über uns falsch berichtet wird.“ Das habe einen Verlust an Vertauen, dass die Kirche genießt, zur Folge. „Denn Vertrauen ist in gewisser Hinsicht auf Kenntnis basiert. Man hat keine Vertrauen haben zu dem, was man nicht kennt“.
Keine Anpassungen

Schließlich weist der Kardinal auf die Gefahr von Anpassungen hin. „Anpassungen an das, wovon wir denken, dass es dem Geschmack der Gesellschaft entspricht, ist verführerisch. Sie führt aber auf lange Sicht zum Untergang der Kirche. Wir sahen das in den 60er Jahren. Damals versuchte man, mit Anpassungen der Liturgie so viel Menschen wie möglich innerhalb der Kirche zu halten. Am Ende müssen wir immer die Zeche zahlen. Eine liberale Geisteshaltung führt auf die Dauer zu Unglaube.“

http://www.kathnews.de/niederlaendischer-kardinal-anpassung-hat-unglaube-zur-folge
Spanish El cardenal Eijk afirma que el Concilio de Trento sigue plenamente vigente y la rehabilitación de Lutero es imposible
Feb 03, 2014
El cardenal y arzobispo de Utrech (Holanda), S.E.R Willem Jacobus Eijk, ha asegurado en una entrevista concedida a la revista protestante «Calvinist Reformatorisch Dagblad» que «la doctrina y los anatemas del Concilio de Trento están plenamente vigentes». El periódico Trouw, haciéndose eco de dicha entrevista, afirma que «el cardenal Eijk es explícito en este tema: Las enseñanzas del Concilio de Trento son perfectamente válidas. Y eso se aplica a las convicciones de quienes rechazaron las enseñanzas del concilio, como es el caso de los protestantes». El prelado rechaza igualmente la petición de los luteranos para que la Iglesia rehabilite la figura del heresiarca Martín Lutero.

El cardenal Eijk explica en su entrevista a la revista calvinista que el Concilio de Trento es una prueba de «la capacidad de la Iglesia Católica de auto-reformarse» gracias a la «guía del Espíritu Santo». El concilio, añade, puso fin a los muchos abusos que surgieron en la Iglesia durante la Baja Edad Media, tales como la simonía y una incorrecta comprensión del ministerio pastoral, que contradecían la enseñanza bíblica. También acabó con la falta de disciplina entre el clero y los monasterios. «Cuando se implementaron todos los decretos, el orden fue restaurado en la Iglesia», constata el purpurado holandés.

El Concilio de Trento también reafirmó algunas «verdades de fe», precisamente para refutar los errores de la Reforma protestante. El cardenal sentencia que dichas doctrinas, «como por ejemplo la transubstanciación y la naturaleza del sacramento de la Eucaristía, continuan vigentes».
Imagen falsa de Dios y de la Iglesia Católica

El prelado holandés explica que las condenas y excomuniones se aplican a quienes «voluntariamente y a sabiendas» rechazan las enseñanzas de la Iglesia. «En cierta manera, esta es una cuestión teórica. Mucha gente tiene una imagen falsa de la Iglesia Católica porque es lo que se les ha enseñado. O tiene igualmente una imagen errónea de Dios, pero no puede ser considerada responsable personalmente». Con ello el cardenal hace referencia a la ignorancia invencible. «Solo Dios puede juzgar a cada hombre», ratifica el arzobispo de Utrech.

Finalmente, el cardenal Eijk se refiere a la petición de los luteranos de una rehabilitación de Martín Lutero: «En temas fundamentales él se desvió de la doctrina de la Iglesia. Y esa doctrina permanece tal cual. Por esta razón, las diferencias permanecen sin cambio y la rehabilitación es imposible».
Críticas al cardenal

Las palabras del cardenal han sido criticadas desde ámbitos ecuménicos, tanto protestantes como católicos. Se le ha acusado de fijarse más en las diferencias que en lo que une precisamente en la Semana de Oración por la Unidad de los cristianos.

http://infocatolica.com/?t=noticia&cod=19849
Italian Olanda, le parole che Eijk non ha detto
Jan 26, 2014
Il cardinale di Utrecht non ha mai pronunciato le parole che gli sono state attribuite sulle condanne del Concilio di Trento.

Una polemica infondata. Così si può definire quanto scaturito dalle (presunte) dichiarazioni attribuite all'arcivescovo di Utrecht, il cardinale Willem Jacobus Eijk, da 7 anni primate della Chiesa cattolica nei Paesi Bassi e presidente della conferenza episcopale olandese.

Nel quotidiano olandese «Trouw» lunedì 20 gennaio scorso veniva pubblicato un articolo che attribuiva a Eijk parole dure sull'attuale e integrale validità delle condanne (anathema) lanciati dal Concilio di Trento contro i protestanti. L'articolo riprendeva un’intervista del cardinale pubblicata nel «Reformatorisch Dagblad». Ma il giornalista, spiega in una nota la portavoce di Eijk, «metteva nella bocca del cardinale parole che non aveva mai detto», ma che erano invece i titoli e il cappello introduttivo dell'intervista, frutto di un lavoro redazionale. Dunque un'interpretazione di quanto spiegato dall'arcivescovo, non le sue effettive parole. Tra l'altro il giornalista di «Trouw» sapeva che quelli non erano virgolettati attribuibili al cardinale, perché la portavoce della Conferenza Episcopale Olandese glielo aveva fatto esplicitamente notare.

Ciononostante, nell'articolo - e nelle riprese internazionli - quelle espressioni sono state attribuite direttamente a Eijk e nella settimana di preghiera per l'unità dei cristiani hanno provocato reazioni indignate da parte di esponenti della Chiesa protestante olandese, anche perché lo stesso giornalista di «Trouw» li ha intervistati per farli reagire in merito alle presunte parole del porporato.

Ciò che il cardinale ha veramente detto è stato subito reso disponibile sul sito della Chiesa cattolica olandese, anche se per il momento solo in lingua originale.

Quanto alle polemiche che ne sono seguite e alla lettera aperta che gli è stata indirizzata dal reverendo Arjen Plaisier (portavoce del Sinodo della Chiesa Protestante in Olanda), il cardinale Eijk ha fatto sapete che non intende rispondere o dialogare su frasi che non ha mai pronunciato. E allo stesso tempo afferma che un dialogo su alcune formulazioni del Concilio di Trento potrà essere iniziato dall'ufficio ecumenico della Chiesa cattolica olandese, o a livello più generale, dal Pontificio consiglio per l'unità dei cristiani. Infine, l'arcivescovo di Utrecht ha ribadito di essere in sintonia con il cammino ecumenico e di sottoscrivere tutti gli sforzi del Papa in questo senso.

Nel testo della Dichiarazione congiunta sulla dottrina della giustificazione, firmata da cattolici e luterani nel 1999 - all'epoca il Prefetto della Congregazione per la dottrina della fede era il cardinale Joseph Ratzinger - si legge: «Proprio come gli stessi dialoghi, anche questa Dichiarazione congiunta si basa sulla convinzione che il superamento delle condanne e delle questioni controverse non equivale a prendere alla leggera separazioni e condanne, né equivale a sconfessare il passato di ciascuna delle nostre Chiese. Essa è tuttavia convinta che affiorino nella storia delle nostre Chiese modi nuovi di valutare e si producano sviluppi, i quali non soltanto possono permettere, ma esigono che si verifichino e vengano esaminate, sotto una nuova angolatura, le questioni che dividono e le condanne».

http://vaticaninsider.lastampa.it/nel-mondo/dettaglio-articolo/articolo/olanda-holanda-holland-eijk-31519/
German „Weniger Gläubige, aber mehr Einheit“
Dec 20, 2013
Diese Woche besuchten die niederländischen Bischöfe den Papst anlässlich ihres Ad Limina-Besuchs im Vatikan.

Papst Franziskus empfing die sieben Diözesanleiter der Niederlande samt ihren Weihbischöfen unter Leitung von Kardinal Willem Jacobus Eijk aus Utrecht. Wie der Vatikan im Anschluss mitteilte, habe Papst Franziskus die niederländischen Bischöfe aufgerufen, bei der Aufarbeitung von Missbrauchsfällen weiter voranzugehen und die Opfer in ihrem Schmerz zu unterstützen. Den Weg der Heilung hätten sie mutig begonnen, lobte Franziskus die Bischöfe der Niederlande am Montag im Vatikan. Er fühle mit den Betroffenen und bete für sie, so der Papst.

Die Kirche in dem Land stehe überdies vor besonderen Herausforderungen durch die starke Säkularisierung. Doch das christliche Menschenbild und die katholische Soziallehre dürfen nach Franziskus' Worten ihre prägende Rolle für die gesellschaftliche Entwicklung Europas nicht verlieren. Indem die Kirche den Menschen über alle Technik und Strukturen stelle, öffne sie den Raum für das Bewusstsein von Transzendenz und Spiritualität. Der Papst rief die Bischöfe auf, sich bei Themen wie Familie, Ehe und Lebensschutz weiter in die öffentliche Debatte einzumischen.

Radio Vatikan hat über diese Themen mit dem Vorsitzenden der niederländischen Bischofskonferenz, Kardinal Willem Jacobus Eijk, gesprochen. „Wir sind realistisch und nicht pessimistisch, die Kirche bei uns wird künftig weniger Gläubige haben, dafür wird die Einheit untereinander wichtiger“, so Kardinal Eijk.

Dieser Text stammt von der Webseite http://de.radiovaticana.va/news/2013/12/07/niederlande:_%E2%80%9Eweniger_gl%C3%A4ubige,_aber_mehr_einheit%E2%80%9C/ted-753707
des Internetauftritts von Radio Vatikan
German Erzbischof von Utrecht schließt Pilgerpforte
Oct 25, 2013
Der Erzbischof von Utrecht/NL, Willem Kardinal Eijk, beschließt die diesjährige Kevelaerer Wallfahrtszeit. Das Pontifikalamt beginnt am Freitag, 1. November, um 10 Uhr in der Marienbasilika. Chor und Orchester der Basilikamusik werden unter der Leitung von Chordirektor Romano Giefer den Gottesdienst mit Robert Führers "Festmesse in F" feierlich gestalten.

Im Anschluss an das Hochamt wird Kardinal Eijk das große Pilgerportal der Kevelaerer Wallfahrtskirche schließen. Abschließend folgen die Predigt des Erzbischofs und die Erteilung des Päpstlichen Segens im Forum Pax Christi. Traditionell pilgern zum Abschluss der Kevelaerer Wallfahrtszeit alljährlich besonders viele Wallfahrer aus den Niederlanden in die Marienstadt.

So kommen unter anderem die Kevelaer-Bruderschaften aus Den Haag, Haaksbergen, Ost-Twente und Oldenzaal, die jeweils im Sommer ihre großen mehrtägigen Wallfahrten durchgeführt haben, zum Hochfest Allerheiligen ein weiteres Mal nach Kevelaer.

So ist es mehr als eine Geste der Kevelaerer Wallfahrtsleitung, dass – wie so häufig in den vergangenen Jahren – auch zum Abschluss der Wallfahrtszeit 2013 mit Kardinal Eijk der Metropolit der katholischen Kirche in den Niederlanden zum festlichen Pontifikalamt eingeladen wurde. Damit wird einmal mehr die in der Geschichte Kevelaers verwurzelte und auch heute noch lebendige Verbundenheit zwischen dem niederrheinischen Wallfahrtsort und den niederländischen Nachbarn betont.

http://www.rp-online.de/niederrhein-nord/kevelaer/nachrichten/erzbischof-von-utrecht-schliesst-pilgerpforte-1.3769139
Dutch Kardinaal Eijk bezoekt Syrisch-orthodoxe aartsbisschop Polycarpus
Oct 22, 2013
Kardinaal Eijk was donderdag 17 oktober in het Twentse dorp Glane voor een bezoek aan de Syrisch-orthodoxe aartsbisschop Polycarpus Augin Aydin. Zij spraken elkaar in het klooster St. Ephrem de Syriër, het ‘hoofdkwartier’ van de Syrisch-orthodoxe gemeenschap in Nederland, waar aartsbisschop Polycarpus ook zetelt. De aanleiding voor het bezoek was om steun te geven in deze moeilijke tijd voor de Syrisch-orthodoxe christenen.

Ook spraken de aartsbisschoppen over de oecumenische betrekkingen tussen de R.-K. Kerk en de Syrisch-orthodoxe Kerk van Antiochië. Verslaggever Theo Krabbe van De Twentsche Courant Tubantia was aanwezig bij het bezoek. Kardinaal Eijk vertelde hem: “Verschrikkelijk zo’n wrede burgeroorlog in Syrië. Ik volg dagelijks het nieuws daarover. En wat de Syrisch-orthodoxe christenen in Nederland aan zorgen doormaken, heeft me getroffen. Ik heb aartsbisschop Polycarpus gezegd dat de katholieken in ons aartsbisdom en de medewerkers van het bisdom met hem en zijn geloofsgemeenschap meeleven,” zo schrijft Krabbe in de editie van 18 oktober.
Kardinaal Eijk en aartsbisschop Polycarpus hebben ook samen gebeden. Kardinaal Eijk daarover in Tubantia: “Aartsbisschop Polycarpus [bad] in het Aramees, ik in het Nederlands. Dat gaf een stuk verbroedering. Menselijkerwijs gesproken is er geen uitweg in het conflict tussen de diverse partijen in Syrië. Voor politici en anderen is het een onontwarbare kluwen. We hebben samen gebeden tot God dat Hij zijn hulp geeft en vrede brengt.”


De Syrisch-orthodoxe gemeenschap in Nederland
In 1975 kwamen de eerste Syrisch-orthodoxe christenen als vluchtelingen naar Nederland, zo is te lezen op de website van het klooster St. Ephrem de Syriër. In 1977 leefden er ongeveer 100 gezinnen in de stad Hengelo. In datzelfde jaar werd een nieuw Syrisch-orthodox bisdom van Midden-Europa gevormd, met zijn hoofdkwartier in Nederland. Dit bisdom kocht in 1981 het klooster in Glane, dat in 1984 werd ingewijd als Aartsbisdom van Midden-Europa en werd vernoemd naar Sint Ephrem de Syriër. In 2006 werd Nederland een zelfstandig Aartsbisdom. De Syrisch-orthodoxe gemeenschap in Nederland heeft zo’n 20.000 leden. De meesten van hen wonen in de regio Twente en Amsterdam.

http://aartsbisdom.nl/Nieuws/Pages/Kardinaal-Eijk-bezoekt-Syrisch-orthodoxe-aartsbisschop-Polycarpus.aspx
German Holland hat einen neuen Kardinal
Feb 18, 2012
Wim Eijk, der achtundfünfzigjährige Erzbischof von Utrecht, wird Nachfolger von Kardinal Simonis

AMSTERDAM, 7. Februar 2012 (ZENIT.org). - Die Niederlande haben einen neuen Kardinal. Der 58-jährige Willem („Wim”) Jacobus Eijk, Erzbischof von Utrecht, wurde von Papst Benedikt XVI. zum Kardinal ernannt, nachdem Kardinal Simonis, der diese Würde seit 1985 innehatte, im vergangenen November seinen achtzigsten Geburtstag feierte und daher nicht mehr am Konklave für die Papstwahl teilnehmen kann. Die Kardinalswürde ist ein Ehrenamt in der katholischen Kirche und nur der Papst kann bestimmen, wem es verliehen werden soll.

Erzbischof Eijk befand sich in Köln, als seine Ernennung am vergangenen 6. Januar bekanntgemacht wurde. Die Erzdiözese Utrecht gratulierte ihm „mit dem Wunsch, diese Aufgabe mit Weisheit und mit der Hilfe des göttlichen Segens erfüllen zu können“.
Willem  Jacobus Eijk kam in Duivendrecht zur Welt und machte 1978 seinen Abschluss in Medizin an der Universität Amsterdam.

Danach entschloss er sich, dem Seminar von Rolduc in Kerkrade beizutreten, um Priester zu werden. 1979 nahm er zusätzlich zu seiner religiösen Ausbildung das Studium der medizinischen Bioethik an der Universität Leiden auf. 1985 zum Priester geweiht, wurde Eijk Pfarrer in der Kirche zum hl. Antonius von Padua in Blerick in der Diözese Roermond. 1987 erlangte er den Doktortitel in medizinischer Bioethik mit einer Dissertation über Euthanasie. 1990 kam noch ein Doktortitel in Philosophie hinzu, den er von der Päpstlichen Universität des Angelicums für eine Dissertation über Genmanipulation erhielt.

Wenig später begann Eijk, am Seminar in Rolduc Moraltheologie zu unterrichten. Nach 1996 zog er nach Lugano zur Lehre an der Theologischen Fakultät der dortigen Universität. Von 1997 bis 2002 war er Mitglied der Internationalen Theologischen Kommission.

Am 17. Juli 1999 wurde er als Nachfolger von Bischof Möller zum Bischof von Groningen ernannt und wählte als sein Motto „Noli recusare labore“ („Lehne keine Mühen ab“). 2001 erlitt er eine Hirnblutung und war gezwungen, seine Aufgaben eine Zeitlang dem Generalvikar zu überlassen, übernahm sie aber schon nach wenigen Monaten wieder, nachdem er vollständig genesen war.

Am 11. Dezember 2007 wurde er von Papst Benedikt XVI. zum Erzbischof von Utrecht ernannt, als 70. Nachfolger des hl. Willibrord und unmittelbarer Nachfolger von Kardinal Simonis. Am 26. Januar 2008 trat er in der Kathedrale der heiligen Katharina sein Amt an. 2011 wurde er zum Vorsitzenden der niederländischen Bischofskonferenz gewählt. Am 6. Januar 2012 machte Papst Benedikt XVI. seine Ernennung zum Kardinal bekannt, die er zusammen mit 21 weiteren Kardinälen aus verschiedenen Ländern der Welt im Konsistorium am kommenden 18. Februar vollziehen wird.

Seit der Ernennung von Jan de Jong im Jahr 1946 ist es üblich geworden, dass der Papst in den Niederlanden den Erzbischof von Utrecht zum Kardinal wählt.
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